Well it’s a good thing to know about file & folder system in Linux. Like in windows, Program Files are stored is “Program Files” and System components in “windows” folder , same way it is assigned in Linux too .
So here it starts
“/” :- this is root of all the file system. All things [ including hardware ] comes under it.
“/boot” :- As the name indicates it contains boot [ grub ] files.
“/dev” :- Contains device files [ as I said in earlier post that hardware are in file form ]
“/home” :- This is home directory for general users . this contains their Desktop directory [ under “/home/username/Desktop” ] or Document folders and their configuration files.
“/bin” :- Essential Binaries are stored in this. It contains executables of general Root as well as General users .
“/lib” Essential shared libraries and Kernel Modules
“/sbin” :- This contains system binaries which is being used by root users.
“/media” :- All removable medias are mounted under this folder .
“/etc” :- It contains all the configuration files used by OS or by programs .
“/mnt”:- Temporary file systems mounted, etc floppy, CDrom, DvdRoms.
“/tmp” :- Temporary Directory.
“/var” :- Contain data files which are variable or continuous changing .
“/usr” :- Contains information used by system
“/root” :- Home directory of root user
“/proc” :- Contains system information stored in memory mirrored as files.